Lost on the frontline Hundreds of US healthcare workers have died fighting Covid-19. We count them and investigate why.
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US healthcare worker deaths are under investigation by the Guardian and KHN.

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As of 11 August, our journalists have profiled 167 health workers and included them in our database. Read their stories below.

Confirmed deaths by occupation

Confirmed deaths by race and ethnicity

Total deaths % of total deaths
White: 62
Black: 45
Asian/Pacific Islander: 33
Hispanic/Latino: 22
Native American: 3
Unknown/other: 2

Confirmed deaths by state

Read our methodology

Explore the database

Filter by:
July
July 11: After months of downplaying the importance of face masks in containing the pandemic, Donald Trump wears one publicly for the first time. July 29: US surpasses 150,000 deaths from Covid-19. On the frontline: Families of health workers killed by Covid-19 struggle to access death benefits and workers’ compensation.

13 July 2020

Samantha Hickey, 45 Boise, Idaho She helped families with everyday challenges

6 July 2020

Joshua Obra, 29 Long Beach, Calif. Empathetic nurse loved all things Disney

4 Jul 2020

Isabelle Papadimitriou, 64 Dallas, Texas Respiratory therapist fought for her values

June
June 20: At a rally, Trump reveals he told officials to slow coronavirus testing. He later confirms he wasn’t joking. June 27: At least 55,000 residents and workers in nursing homes and other longterm care facilities have died from coronavirus. On the frontline: Report finds that dozens of state and local health leaders have resigned, retired or been fired amid safety threats.

17 June 2020

Lilly Tsosie, 65 Farmington, N.M. She cut short vacation, only to get sick

12 June 2020

Clea Alverio-Hume, 57 Seattle, Wash. Worked two jobs, but was ‘best listener ever’

11 June 2020

Lisa Burhannan, 50 Harrisburg, Pa. Social worker was a ‘voice for the city’

8 June 2020

Sally Lara, 62 Riverside, Calif. Lab assistant spoke out about worker safety

6 June 2020

Norman Einhorn, 69 Tinton Falls, N.J. ‘Brilliant’ eye specialist ‘liked to party’

5 June 2020

Paul Charon, 62 Saratoga Springs, N.Y. ‘He did all the unseen things to help out’

May
May 1: Texas becomes one of the first states to reopen its economy as cases continue to rise; several other states, including Georgia, Florida and Arizona, soon follow. May 28: US Covid-19 death toll reaches 100,000. On the frontline US hospital workers say employers failed to notify them when they’d been exposed to co-workers or patients with Covid-19.

30 May 2020

Sarah Roncskevitz, 32 San Francisco, Calif. ‘Force of nature’ wanted to reform social work

29 May 2020

Kurt Julian, 63 Kirkland, Wash. ICU nurse treated the first US Covid-19 cases

26 May 2020

John Paul Granger, 22 Greenville, S.C. Young EMT treated everyone like family

26 May 2020

Dulce Garcia, 29 Chapel Hill, N.C. A Latina who loved to go dancing with friends

25 May 2020

Sandra Oldfield, 53 Fresno, Calif. Nurse feared for safety of those caring for her

21 May 2020

Jeremy Emerich, 40 Center Valley, Pa. Passionate EMT ‘loved a challenge’

20 May 2020

Denny Darby, 31 Gloversville, N.Y. Brush with cancer made him empathetic healer

19 May 2020

J. Aleksandr Vollmann, 57 Seattle, Wash. Nurse found his calling in the ICU

19 May 2020

Elva Graveline, 52 New London, Conn. She was a perfectionist who doted on patients

18 May 2020

Karon Hoffman, 69 McHenry, Ill. A late-in-life career cut short

17 May 2020

Bernard Atta, 61 Orient , Ohio Nurse made ‘deep impact across the planet’

16 May 2020

Barbara Bedonie, 56 Farmington, N.M. A calling to help fellow Native Americans

16 May 2020

Roberta Gruber, 66 Coyote Canyon, N.M. Home health aide ‘embodied family’

13 May 2020

Milagros Abellera, 65 San Antonio, Texas Texas nurse was a ‘mother hen’

12 May 2020

Paul Odighizuwa, 61 Portland, Ore. He bridged cultures with cooking and camaraderie

11 May 2020

Monemise Romelus, 61 Edison, N.J. Nursing aide’s children all worked in health

11 May 2020

Chantee Mack, 44 Cheverly, Md. ‘Good soul’ followed mother into healthcare

8 May 2020

Kelly Mazzarella, 43 Mount Vernon, N.Y. Nurse treated patients like family

7 May 2020

Denny Gilliam, 53 New York, N.Y. Travel nurse was a ‘country boy at heart’

7 May 2020

Steven Perez, 68 Annandale, Va. Doctor once served in the White House

6 May 2020

Gabrail Ismayl, 62 Chicago, Ill. Everybody loved Gaby'

4 May 2020

Maria E. Lopez, 63 Chicago, Ill. Robotic surgery expert ‘made everything fun’

4 May 2020

Ali Yasin, 67 New York, N.Y. Pharmacist made the big city feel smaller

2 May 2020

Krist Angielen Castro Guzman, 35 Bolingbrook, Ill. Young nurse lived a life of ‘no regrets’

2 May 2020

David Ferranti, 60 Brighton, Mass. A doting family man and fixture at his hospital

2 May 2020

Sue Williams-Ward, 68 Indianapolis, Ind. Home health aide was 'community’s glue’

1 May 2020

Sheena Miles, 60 Morton, Miss. Semi-retired nurse took on extra shifts

1 May 2020

Sandra Hardy-Rogers, 56 Toms River, N.J. Her rough-hewn style won over patients

1 May 2020

Marsha Bantle, 65 Newburgh, Ind. As she lay dying, she prayed for others

1 May 2020

Shenetta White-Ballard, 44 Port Allen, La. Psychiatric nurse was 'queen of the house'

April
April 3: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends wearing a face mask to curb transmission; Donald Trump declines to wear one. April 21: Nurses protest protective gear shortages in front of White House. On the frontline: Health experts say that widely used surgical masks are putting healthcare workers at risk.

30 Apr 2020

Arthur Friedman, 62 Smithtown, N.Y. Urgent care physician was loved by patients

30 Apr 2020

Antonia Sisemore, 72 Woodland, Calif. Nursing assistant honored for kindness

30 Apr 2020

Rashida Ahmed, 46 New York, N.Y. Home health aide cooked for neighbors

29 Apr 2020

Joan Swann, 70 Warwick, R.I. Secretary ‘brightened every situation’

29 Apr 2020

Cassondra Grant Diaz, 31 Hartford, Conn. A bookkeeper with 'the most awesome laugh’

27 Apr 2020

James Mahoney, 62 Brooklyn, N.Y. Brooklyn legend 'ran into the fire'

27 Apr 2020

Tina Reeves, 58 Orient, Ohio ‘She always listened and never judged’

27 Apr 2020

Vivian Fierro, 58 Pasadena, Calif. ‘She just wanted to know how she could help’

27 Apr 2020

Juan Martinez, 60 Chicago, Ill. Surgical technician died days before retirement

26 Apr 2020

Jeffrey Ethan Escher, 72 Bronx, N.Y. Geriatrician treasured his patients’ stories

26 Apr 2020

Neftali Rios, 37 Memphis, Tenn. ‘Gentle soul’ had a brilliant mind, big heart

26 Apr 2020

John Robert Oglesbee, 80 Muskogee, Okla. Doctor and poet ‘wasn’t done’

25 Apr 2020

Nina Forbes, 56 Alexandria, Va. Memory care nurse kept working, despite fears

25 Apr 2020

Nancy MacDonald, 74 East Providence, R.I. She paused retirement to help in pandemic

24 Apr 2020

Adlin Thompson, 56 New York, N.Y. A nurse, family linchpin and generous aunt

24 Apr 2020

Gabriel Chinwendu, 56 Washington, D.C. Psychiatric nurse with love for job, others

24 Apr 2020

Romeo Agtarap, 63 New York, N.Y. He got people out on the dance floor

22 Apr 2020

Gianmarco Bertolotti, 42 New York, N.Y. ‘He explored life without restrictions’

22 Apr 2020

Jerry Alford , 60 Tuscaloosa, Ala. Marine's altruism shined in the operating room

22 Apr 2020

David Martin, 52 Amite & Wilkinson counties, Miss. Family man took risks to help others

21 Apr 2020

Emmanuel J. Carrillo, 60 Hackensack, N.J. ‘He would come running in a heartbeat’

21 Apr 2020

Celia Yap-Banago, 69 Kansas City, Mo. 5-foot-tall ‘fireball’ was a prankster

20 Apr 2020

Brittany Bruner-Ringo, 32 Los Angeles, Calif. On 'saddest day, she could make you laugh’

20 Apr 2020

Felicia Ailende, 67 Chicago, Ill. She tended to her patients and parishoners

19 Apr 2020

Sheila Faye Christian, 66 Philadelphia, Pa. Nurse’s death ripples through community

19 Apr 2020

David Joel Perea, 35 Reno, Nev. Traveling nurse ‘wanted to be somebody’

19 Apr 2020

Karla Dominguez, 33 El Paso, Texas Nurse in Minions scrubs delighted children

19 Apr 2020

Helen Gbodi, 54 Washington, D.C. Single mom dreamed of opening nursing home

18 Apr 2020

Barry Webber, 67 New York, N.Y. New York surgeon was a Renaissance man

18 Apr 2020

Michael Giuliano, 64 Nutley, N.J. Old-time family doctor made house calls

17 Apr 2020

Celia Lardizabal Marcos, 61 Los Angeles, Calif. Deeply generous, she never forgot her home

17 Apr 2020

Matthew Moore, 52 Eltingville, N.Y. ‘Sitting on the sidelines was never in his DNA’

17 Apr 2020

Rosemary Sell, 80 New York, N.Y. Nurse stepped up to help her beloved New York

17 Apr 2020

Maurice Dotson, 51 Austin, Texas His Facebook page portended tragedy

17 Apr 2020

John Careccia, 74 Iselin, N.J. A spry EMT, he made ‘the ultimate sacrifice’

17 Apr 2020

Joshua Bush, 30 Aiken, S.C. Nursing student and wife shared love of travel

16 Apr 2020

Karen Carmello, 57 Port Jefferson Station, N.Y. Her death blindsided her family

16 Apr 2020

Michael Marceaux, 49 Shreveport, La. Veteran went ‘above and beyond for patients’

16 Apr 2020

Robert Zerman, 49 Robesonia, Pa. Witty firefighter ‘always had your back’

15 Apr 2020

Christopher Dean, 37 Valley Stream, N.Y. His post-recovery plan: Fight Covid-19

15 Apr 2020

Gerald Welch, 56 Reading, Pa. Social worker was ‘big voice’ in community

15 Apr 2020

Nestor Bautista, 62 Belleville, N.J. Quiet nursing aide was a diligent worker

15 Apr 2020

Barbara Birchenough, 65 Belleville, N.J. Thoughtful nurse fell ill on eve of retirement

15 Apr 2020

Ritchie Villena, 44 Glen Rock, N.J. Physical therapist was devoted to church

14 Apr 2020

Joseph Bongiorno, 78 Chicago, Ill. Psychiatrist built bonds with patients

14 Apr 2020

Anjanette Miller, 48 Chicago & Bridgeway, Ill. Nurse was living dream of working in the US

14 Apr 2020

Jennifer Anderson-Davis, 44 Ballwin, Mo. Nurse did her best for her children

13 Apr 2020

Scott Geiger, 47 Mountainside & Warren, N.J. Ardent EMT seemed to have nine lives

13 Apr 2020

Pamela Hughes, 50 Columbia, Ky. She remembered details of those in her care

13 Apr 2020

James Anderson, 51 Langhorne, Pa. Gregarious mechanic had a critical job

13 Apr 2020

Michelle Abernathy, 52 Park Forest, Ill. She was committed to helping the vulnerable

13 Apr 2020

Priya Khanna, 43 Glen Ridge, N.J. She checked on patients from hospital bed

13 Apr 2020

Billy Birmingham, 69 Kansas City, Mo. ‘He put his all into’ ministry, rescue missions

13 Apr 2020

Linda Bonaventura, 45 Indianapolis, Ind. Lighthearted nurse ‘lit up the room’

12 Apr 2020

Gary Sclar, 66 New York, N.Y. A neurologist endlessly fascinated by the brain

12 Apr 2020

Paul Moise, 50 Amboy, N.J. Father of three juggled multiple jobs

12 Apr 2020

Jessica Fajardo, 30 Odessa, Texas Phlebotomist could find the funny bone

12 Apr 2020

John Schoffstall, 41 Terre Haute, Ind. ‘Helping people’ was in firefighter's blood

12 Apr 2020

Rose Taldon, 63 Boston, Mass. Former bus driver became a nurse at age 38

11 Apr 2020

Kettely Desire, 64 Brockton, Mass. Grandma worked extra hours at nursing home

11 Apr 2020

Monica Echeverri Casarez, 49 Detroit, Mich. Surgical technician made friends everywhere

11 Apr 2020

Bishop Bruce Edward Davis, 57 Milledgeville, Ga. Practiced his faith in care of inmates

10 Apr 2020

Valeria Viveros, 20 Riverside, Calif. Nursing assistant made patients ceviche

10 Apr 2020

Alex Bass, 52 Brooklyn, N.Y. Physician assistant mentored hospital residents

10 Apr 2020

James Simpson, 28 Burien, Wash. He lived a life ‘bigger than himself’

10 Apr 2020

Roger Liddell, 64 Flint, Mich. Supply manager lacked protective gear

10 Apr 2020

Leola Grady, 59 Chicago, Ill. A ‘calming presence’ at nursing home

10 Apr 2020

Quen Agbor Ako, 53 Randallstown, Md. Cameroonian nurse liked to sing and dance

9 Apr 2020

Felicisimo Luna, 62 Elizabeth, N.J. He thrived in ER, but greatest love was family

9 Apr 2020

Francis Molinari, 70 Belleville, N.J. Hero among heroes’ over generations

8 Apr 2020

Susan Sisgundo, 50 New York, N.Y. Neonatal nurse was a baby whisperer

8 Apr 2020

Franklin Williams, 57 Detroit, Mich. For wife, ‘this is a nightmare’

8 Apr 2020

Mike Field, 59 Village of Valley Stream, N.Y. 9/11 first responder answered the call again

8 Apr 2020

Devin Francis, 44 Miami, Fla. Dad and technician ‘was as smart as they come’

8 Apr 2020

Luis Caldera-Nieves, 63 Miami, Fla. Jovial OB-GYN trained scores of physicians

8 Apr 2020

Leo Dela Cruz, 57 Jersey City, N.J. Beloved psychiatrist cooked Cebu dishes

8 Apr 2020

J. Ronald Verrier, 59 The Bronx, N.Y. Doctor joined meetings even while sick

8 Apr 2020

Louis Torres, 47 Woodside, N.Y. He and his mother died a day apart

7 Apr 2020

Kevin Leiva, 24 Passaic, N.J. EMT was second in crew to die of Covid-19

7 Apr 2020

Torrin Howard, 26 Milford, Conn. Counselor was fixture in gospel music scene

7 Apr 2020

Saif Titi, 72 Jersey City, N.J. Pharmacist put people over profit

7 Apr 2020

Ali Dennis Guillermo, 44 East Patchogue, N.Y. Nurse fought for life in ICU where he worked

7 Apr 2020

Vianna Thompson, 52 Reno, Nev. She was 'sweet, big-hearted, caring, unselfish'

7 Apr 2020

Thomas Soto, 59 Brooklyn, N.Y. He was looking forward to more time with family

7 Apr 2020

Mario Araujo, 49 Chicago, Ill. Firefighter faced crisis with humor

6 Apr 2020

Rose Harrison, 60 Hamilton, Ala. A selfless and sassy nurse

6 Apr 2020

Roy Chester Coleman, 64 Shreveport, La. At work, church and home, veteran gave all

6 Apr 2020

Jana Prince, 43 New Orleans, La. Proud New Orleanian was community caretaker

5 Apr 2020

Edwin Montanano, 73 Kearny, N.J. Unflappable nurse loved playing tour guide

5 Apr 2020

Adiel Montgomery, 39 Brooklyn, N.Y. ‘You could count on Adiel for anything.’

5 Apr 2020

Daisy Doronila, 60 Kearny, N.J. She was looking forward to life's next chapter

5 Apr 2020

Aleyamma John, 65 New York, N.Y. ‘We’re failing miserably without her.’

4 Apr 2020

Darrin Santos, 50 White Plains, N.Y. For wife, ‘he was my backbone’

4 Apr 2020

Don Ryan Batayola, 40 Vauxhall, N.J. Family trips, reggae gave rhythm to his life

4 Apr 2020

Patrick Cain, 52 Flint , Mich. Proud father and Canadian was early casualty

4 Apr 2020

Marilyn Howard, 53 Brooklyn, N.Y. ‘She was a mother to many’

4 Apr 2020

Susan Cicala, 60 Newark & Belleville, N.J. Tireless nurse loved her children and travel

3 Apr 2020

Jesus Villaluz , 75 Teaneck, N.J. He took the time to put patients at ease

3 Apr 2020

Dorothy Boles, 65 Greenwood, Miss. Nurse and pastor tended to bodies and souls

2 Apr 2020

Clair Fuqua, 28 Pineville, La. Former foster child was charting her own path

2 Apr 2020

Sean Boynes, 46 Greenbelt, Md. Pharmacist didn’t want to let patients down

2 Apr 2020

John Abruzzo, 62 Huntington , N.Y. ‘Life of the party’ who bonded with patients

1 Apr 2020

Lisa Ewald, 53 Detroit, Mich. Nurse who loved animals died alone at home

March
March 13: After months of calling it a 'hoax,' Trump declares Covid-19 a national emergency. Within days, major cities issue sweeping ‘stay at home’ orders, forcing non-essential businesses to close. March 26: With over 80,000 diagnosed cases, the United States leads the world in number of infections. On the frontline: First emergency room doctor dies of Covid-19.

31 Mar 2020

Jeff Baumbach, 57 Stockton, Calif. Registered nurse thrived in ER and ICU

31 Mar 2020

Brian Garrett, 45 Fort Collins, Colo. ‘Protective’ presence drove seniors to care

31 Mar 2020

James House, 40 Detroit, Mich. Eager student wanted to be a physician assistant

31 Mar 2020

Nicanor Baltazar, 60 Flushing, N.Y. With boundless energy, he fought for patients

31 Mar 2020

Kim King-Smith, 53 Newark, N.J. Driven by a desire to help others until the end

31 Mar 2020

Israel Tolentino Jr., 33 Passaic, N.J. First responder had an ever-ready smile

30 Mar 2020

Debbie Accad, 72 Detroit, Mich. Nurse spent decades caring for veterans

30 Mar 2020

Hazel Mijares, 66 New York, N.Y. Nurse died the month she was set to retire

30 Mar 2020

David Wolin, 74 Brooklyn, N.Y. Brooklyn radiologist was ‘loving and devoted’

30 Mar 2020

James Goodrich, 73 The Bronx, N.Y. Surgeon known for separating conjoined twins

30 Mar 2020

Kevin Graiani, 56 Garnerville, N.Y. Police officer turned nurse was pursuing PhD

30 Mar 2020

Priscilla Carrow, 65 Queens, N.Y. Public servant was the heart of her community

30 Mar 2020

Jesus Manuel Zambrano, 54 Freeport, N.Y. Dominican pediatrician lived 'American dream'

30 Mar 2020

Susana Pabatao , 64 Paramus, N.J. ‘Selfless’ mother ‘always had the right words’

29 Mar 2020

Barbara Finch, 63 Emporia, Va. Beloved small-town nurse was baseball fan

29 Mar 2020

Rosary Celaya Castro-Olega, 63 Los Angeles, Calif. Traveling nurse was an adventurer

29 Mar 2020

Tomas Pattugalan, 70 Queens, N.Y. Physician wasn’t ready to slow down

27 Mar 2020

Theresa Lococo, 68 Brooklyn, N.Y. Caring nurse ‘always put others first’

27 Mar 2020

Araceli Buendia Ilagan, 63 Miami, Fla. Loving aunt was a mentor until the end

26 Mar 2020

Frank Gabrin, 60 Queens, N.Y. America's first ER doctor to die on the frontline

26 Mar 2020

Alfredo Pabatao, 68 North Bergen, N.J. He tried to reassure his family until the end

24 Mar 2020

Marybeth Papetti, 65 Livingston, N.J. Loving mother ‘always looked tremendous’

24 Mar 2020

Alex Hsu, 67 Margate, Fla. Doctor was pillar of his Chinese community

23 Mar 2020

Marion Hunt, 57 New Haven, Conn. Social worker helped those with addiction

17 Mar 2020

Alvin Simmons, 54 Rochester, N.Y. Custodian had turned his life around