Studies Examine ‘Sugar Daddy’ Relationships in Africa, Drug Resistance in HIV Subtypes; kaiserEDU.org Updated With HIV/AIDS Information
- "Confronting the 'Sugar Daddy' Stereotype: Age and Economic Asymmetries and Risky Sexual Behavior in Urban Kenya," International Family Planning Perspectives: This report by Nancy Luke, an assistant professor at Brown University and a fellow at Harvard University, examines how relationships between young girls and older, married men -- known as "sugar daddies" -- contribute to the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. The report finds that condoms are less likely to be used in "sugar daddy" relationships compared with other nonmarital sexual relationships (Luke, International Family Planning Perspectives, March 2005).
- "Impact of HIV-1 Subtype and Antiretroviral Therapy on Protease and Reverse Transcriptase Genotype: Results of a Global Collaboration," PLoS Medicine: Dr. Rami Kantor of the Division of Infectious Disease and Center for AIDS Research at Stanford University and colleagues examined the impact of HIV-1 subtype and antiretroviral treatment on the distribution of drug-resistance mutations to protease and reverse transcriptase inhibitors. The researchers found few unique mutations among non-subtype B HIV-1 strains and conclude that the present focus on subtype B HIV-1 mutations in assessing drug resistance is a "reasonable approach" (Kantor et al., PLoS Medicine, April 2005).
- kaiserEDU.org: The Web site recently was updated to include new information on HIV/AIDS. "Volunteering on the HIV/AIDS Epidemic" lists volunteer and internship opportunities with organizations working in the United States and abroad. The multimedia tutorial, titled "Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic," presents up-to-date data about HIV/AIDS statistics, prevention, treatment and funding (KaiserEDU.org, 4/26).