Multilateral, Bilateral Donations to Fight Global AIDS Increased Significantly From 2000 to 2002, UNAIDS, OECD Study Says
Financial contributions to fight global AIDS increased "significantly" from 2000 to 2002, according to a study released on Wednesday by UNAIDS and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Xinhua News Agency reports. The study, titled "Analysis of Aid in Support of HIV/AIDS Control, 2000-2002," says that contributions from major bilateral and multilateral donors totaled $2.2 billion in 2002 (Xinhua News Agency, 7/7). Bilateral aid increased from $822 million in 2000 to $1.1 billion in 2001 and $1.35 billion in 2002, while multilateral aid rose from $314 million in 2000 to $460 million in 2002, the study says, according to a joint UNAIDS/OECD release. In addition, contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria reached $917 million -- 60% of which will go to HIV/AIDS initiatives -- by the end of 2002. Overall, the United States was the largest bilateral donor with an average contribution of $793 million per year from 2000-2002. The United Kingdom was second with $337 million; Japan was third with $161 million and the Netherlands was fourth with $135 million. The donations funded prevention, treatment, testing and care services and provided social and legal assistance to people living with HIV in 140 developing countries, with a focus on aid efforts in 25 countries -- 10 of which are in sub-Saharan Africa. Seventy-five percent of aid was allocated to Africa. Nigeria was the largest recipient, receiving about $91 million per year, followed by Kenya at $61 million, Uganda at $53 million and Zambia at $43 million (UNAIDS/OECD release, 7/7).This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of health policy coverage from major news organizations. Sign up for an email subscription.