Study: Improved Contraception Use Solely Responsible For Drop In Teen Birth Rates
Teenagers are having the same amount of sex, but there's been a sharp decline in pregnancy. Researchers say it's all due to better contraception use.
The New York Times:
Contraceptives Drive Teenage Pregnancy Down
The sharp decline in American teenage pregnancy and birthrates in recent years was driven exclusively by the increased use of contraceptives, a new study concludes. Researchers interviewed a nationally representative sample of more than 3,000 women ages 15 to 19 at three different time periods: in 2007, 2009 and 2012. They then combined data on sexual activity, contraceptive use and contraceptive failure rates to calculate a Pregnancy Risk Index at these times. This risk index declined steadily at an annual rate of 5.6 percent. (Bakalar, 9/1)
Kaiser Health News:
Drop In Teen Pregnancies Is Due To More Contraceptives, Not Less Sex
Teen pregnancy is way down. And a study suggests that the reason is increased, and increasingly effective, use of contraceptives. From 2007 to 2013, births to teens age 15 to 19 dropped by 36 percent; pregnancies fell by 25 percent from 2007 to 2011, according to federal data.But that wasn’t because teens were shunning sex. ... Rather, the researchers from the Guttmacher Institute and Columbia University found that “improvement in contraceptive use” accounted for the entire reduced risk of pregnancy over the five-year period. (Rovner, 9/2)