In less than 24 hours, Valerie Davidson has 50 people coming for dinner to her house in the remote western Alaska town of Bethel. She had planned to catch and cook enough salmon for the main course, but she’s hit a snag.
Early in the morning, the state opened the Kuskokwim River to commercial fishing, which means subsistence fishermen can’t fish on it. So Davidson and I are in “the orange beast,” her 1983 Chevy pickup, stalking the free fish containers around town. That’s where state biologists deposit their test catches after they conduct their daily studies.
We have been here for an hour, but Davidson is exceedingly patient and persistent. It’s a strategy she used as she worked to expand Medicaid in Alaska, as health commissioner. During this year’s legislative session lawmakers blocked Medicaid expansion from coming to a full vote. She says it was a real low point for her.
“I always have a hard time when as a state we make a decision to turn our backs on Alaskans who really need help,” she says. “That’s a tough one for me.”
So in July, Davidson was thrilled to stand with Alaska Governor Bill Walker as he announced he would expand Medicaid without lawmaker approval. At the press conference, she made a uniquely Alaskan case for bringing federal health care to low income residents.
“We have so many hard working Alaskans who simply don’t have access to health care. They are missing work,” she says. “It is affecting businesses. They can’t take care of their children. They can’t hunt; they can’t fish when they’re not healthy enough to do so.”
For Davidson, health care and fishing go hand in hand. She was born in Bethel, near the Bering Sea. In 1998, she earned a law degree and was soon recruited to work as a lawyer in Alaska’s tribal health system. She lives in Anchorage part of the year, but she spends her summers at her house in Bethel, working on health policy by day and fishing for salmon on nights and weekends. After she smokes it, her family will eat salmon all winter long.
She walks me around her property, stopping in the smokehouse where dozens of long strips of silver salmon are hanging from racks. She stuffs one more cottonwood log into the wood stove. She jokes it’s like playing Tetris, but she’s intent on getting just the right flavor for the fish.
Davidson learned this from her mom, a stern woman she lovingly describes as conveying the loudest silence you’ve ever heard just with her eyebrows. Davidson, who’s Yup’ik name is Nurii, recalls her mother had a few words when Davidson told her about the health commissioner job.
“I said, ‘Well, what do you think mom?’ She says, ‘Well, you know, Nurrii, we Yup’iks, we’re very hard to impress!’ ” Davidson laughs hard and continues, “Such a classic Yup’ik response! And I said, ‘Okay mom, that’s fair.’ ”
In the house, Davidson’s kitchen counter has already disappeared under piles of zucchini, asparagus and peppers. Tomorrow’s dinner guests are from the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, an organization that, a decade ago, helped Davidson fund a new type of health provider in Alaska called a dental therapist. Now the state has more than two dozen working in isolated villages in Alaska.
Davidson wants to develop more unique solutions to the state’s toughest public health challenges.
“We’ve seen it play out time and time again,” she says. “When you can provide services at the local community level, you have better outcomes.”
But right now, she needs salmon and at the free fish bin, Davidson is rubbing her eyes and wishing for coffee. Then, finally, a truck pulls in and Davidson springs out of her seat.
“Are they silvers?” she asks excitedly. The biologist says yes and she cheers and claps. “Thank you!” she says.
The biologist drops ten massive silver salmon into her plastic tote. She finds cooking a nice contrast to the patience she needs for her job, where it can take a decade or more to see results.
“With cooking, there’s a start, there’s a finish, you feed people, there’s something to show for it. For me, it’s really relaxing,” she says.
But between cooking for 50 people and leading the state through the transition to Medicaid expansion – which could bring health insurance to up to 40,000 residents – she has a lot of work ahead of her.